p. 6 In 1852, Sauvy, in the pages of L’Observateur, offered an evocative tripartite divsion of the planet into the First, Second and Third Worlds. When Sauvy wrote in the Parisian papers, most people already understood what it meant to live in the First and Second Worlds.
p. 11 At the end of this article, Sauvy wrote that the “ignored, exploited, scorned Third World, like the Third Estate, demands to become something as well.”…During the tumult of the French Revolution, the Third Estate fashioned itself as the National Assembly, and invited the totality of the population to be sovereign over it. In the same way, the Third World would speak its mind, find the ground for unity, and take possesion of the dynamics of world affairs. This was the enlightened promise of the Third World.
p. 25 “”At periodic Pan-American conferences,” the historian John Chasteen notes, “U.S secratries of state promoted trade while Latin American representatives voiced dismay of the U.S interventions in the region. The unanimous protests came to a head at the Havana Conference of 1928.” At the Havana meeting LAtin American states wanted to raise the prohibited topic: the plitical relations between states, and the military interventions by the United States into Latin America. …In Brussels a target remained Europe, and even as the participants passed resolutions for the freedom of Pyuerto Rico and against U.S. imperialism in the Pacific Rim, there was little substantive exploration of the impact of U.S. imperialism in South America and elsewhere.
p. 28 Additionally, their colonial rbit gave them Spanish as their lingua franca (except for Brazil and the Dutch colonies (wheras most of the anticolonial leaders from Africa and Asisa spoke English or French, and many of them met in their continental sojourns, whether in London, Paris, or Geneva. The world of the Latin Americans did not cross frequently with those of the Afro-Asians. So even if the Afro-Asian conferences from the 1920s onward referred to oppressions across the conjoined continents that did not mean that the Latin Amercains were any less internationalist or any more parochial; the strong ties forged in the 1950s and 1960s across continets shows that given the opportunit, many of them saw their struggles as part of an international, planetary cruise.
p. 82 The [First International Congress of Black Writers and Artists] conference’s central them was that “culture” matters,and that an engagement with cultural development was central to the postcolonial project., even as there could be no such engagement without an assessment of the role of culture in economic underdevelopment. The analysts insisted on the centrality of the cultural even when starveation peered over the horizon (after all, economic debate soften relied on cultural stereotypes that needed to be expunged).
[The conference is further described in the following pages.]